Usage of program Drive imaging & file transfer
Linux version

Program is intended for diverse data transfer and storage operations with medias (drive, disk). Main option is making of image file, and reverse operation - copiing from image to media. Such image files are useful as backups, as images suitable for diverse emulators. Program works with hard drive category of medias - there belong: IDE hard disks, PEN drives, diverse FLASH storage cards as Compact Flash - they attach usually via some USB card reader to PC.   File transfer may happen directly from/to attached disk/media, or from/to image file.drimlin1.png

Selection of drive is by simple click on it's line in list window left. Then program attempts to detect used filesystem on that media - 'DOS mbr' means usually that it is hard disk in PC - so better don't write to it! PLUSIDEDOS  is used by Spectrum +3e and some other clones. 'Charea DoS' is mine system, with 36 areas by begin letter A-Z, 0-9. Refresh button is for forcing detection of all drives again - in case you connected/disconnected something.  Under it you may set offset from start of disks and count of sectors if want to read/write only segment of drive.

Because it is not possible to detect correct CHS parameters via USB reader, there is possibility to enter them manually. Program usually offers usable values for Compact Flash cards. With click on 'Size CHS' user may change detected drive's size, by need (after entering CHS manually). That size remains until next drive selection. 'LBA' is required only for disk Init, see below.
  With click on 'Open image file' you may select image file instead drive. You may then perform even conversion RAW(IMG)-HDF or HDF-RAW(IMG). Just click after selecting image file on 'Read from drive', and program will convert.
If 'Swap L/H' is checked program will swap Low/High bytes by reading from drive to image file or by writing from image file to drive. It is for Atari ST disks used with IDE interface, where MSB/LSB order is reversed in compare to PC. When such drive is selected 'GemDos SW' will appear as filesystem in 'Info' block. Converting image file to reversed L/H ordered is easy: open image file, check
'Swap L/H' and click 'Read from drive' . Give filename and save it...
  Program gets CHS parameters from hdf files, but for RAW or IMG ones it is not possible (except when Charea DoS FS is on, see below - Guess geo.) , so enter them manually by need  - in case of (older) image files for usage with CHS ROMs.

Atari ST GemDos disk file transfer and partition extraction

When GemDos(or Dos FAT16, BigDos) type partition system is detected, following dialog will open after clicking on 'File transfer' :
gemdfbt.png
 It works with GemDos AHDI 3.0 spec partitioned hard disks, medias or image files of them (img, raw) . Plus works with Dos FAT16 and BigDos partitions.

Select partition in right box, and program will list root directory of it in left box.
May select multiple files, directories at once. With 'Extract' all it (with subdirectories and their content) will be copied in current directory on PC, which may be selected with 'Dest Dir' button.

Buttons 'Dir Up' and 'Open Dir' are for navigation in GemDos partition's directories.
Subdir can be opened with double-click on it's name too.

'Add files' : It is of course for copiing files from PC to attached disk/media or to image file. May add multiple files at once, but not subdirectories with their content. Below is selectable whether timestamp of added files will be current time or origin file's time.

'New folder.' : creates subDir by name given in editbox below - in current ST dir. Use capital letters.

Button 'Partitions:' is for extracting image file of only selected partition. From drive or image file.
In case of swapped L/H it will be saved in normal order, so may access partition with common tools. Such image file (of only a partition) may be mounted with command:  mount imagefile -o loop /somedir    . If you click on button
'Partitions:' and just cancel save it will select segment for just that partition in main window - fields 'Sectors from start' and 'Sector count' . Then 'Write to Drive' will write in that segment of selected drive or selected image file. It allows some manipulations as copying one partition to other, inserting partition with new content and similar. But it is for experts only, if you don't know what are doing better use not - may corrupt drive/image file.

It works now with AHDI (GemDos) spec. disks (or image files)
with reversed (swapped) (IDE interface) byte order too. Program will autodetect byte order ('GemDos SW' will appear for reversed ones), and will do all necessary swappings.



ZX file transfer:
Before clicking on 'File transfer' button be sure that Image format is correct set. Program usually automatically sets it, but sometimes user will need to manually set it. For 8-bit simple IF drives or images must set HDF 256.

ZX > PC:
User may extract ZX files from drives or image files (raw or hdf format). After selecting drive from list or file with 'Open image file' click on 'File transfer' - it is designed for Charea DoS system, used by hard disk and CF ROMs (zxcflba.rom, zx8bide.rom & zxide.rom) on this site. If you get mess instead lists probably CHS is incorrect. For LBA it is 'standard' 32 Sector/track and 8 Heads. Clicking on 'Guess geo.' may detect and set correct drive geometry.
png

PC > ZX:
Click on 'PC > Cha.' button, and may select multiple files with KDE fileselector:
zxfstap.png
 Because authors of software, and especially 'authors' of TAP files had pretty limited naming imagination, and to prevent to see too often message like: "NAME EXISTS" I implemented some autonaming system. In case of duplicate name in TAP file, prog. will rename it to re.xxx.PCfilename . 're' may be changed in editbox 'Rename:'. xxx is auto-counter in range 1 to 255. If begin character is illegal (not A-z, 0-9) it will be changed to 9. Codes above 127 and below 32 in filenames will be changed to '?'- to make edit easier.
After getting such renamed files it is good to correct BASIC loader, and save datas with some meaningful names: Corrections will be needed for commands like: LOAD "" - it is not allowed by disk systems, so enter in brackets filename. Mine ROM also not accepts LOAD "pic" SCREEN$ - change it to LOAD "pic" CODE [16384] . Luckily, ZX filesystem is case sensitive, so you may play with RePTON, rEpToN etc... .


Image creation:
In main window, at bottom right is button 'Create empty img' . It will create empty image file in format according to settings in box 'Image format', with geometry by settings in box 'CHS setting'.
Recomended is usage of HDF format - it holds all necessary parameters. For 8-bit simple IF  HDF 256 format is required.


Initialization of ZX disk or image file:

drinit.png
Before usage, disk (media) must be initialized, what means creating of filesystem. It is something like partitioning on PC.
 Select drive or Open image file. Set geometry by need (it can't be autodetected in some cases). For zxcflba.rom (CF interface) click button 'LBA' - it will set correct parameters for init (32 sec/tr & 8 heads). Check is Image format correct (for 8-bit simple IF it must be HDF 256). Then click on '
Init ZX FS' at bottom right.
Program divides space by criteria how much begin letter is common. So, much more space for S than for Q.
In listbox is begin letter, then total capacity of it's charea and number of CAT slots - so much files can be stored there. By clicking on charea in listbox it's parameters will appear in setboxes right. There may adjust size and slot count. Lower will see total size of all chareas. Most important is to watch 'Free:' indicator. If it go in negative, you must decrease size of some charea(s). Otherwise last charea(s) will be outside of disks capacity.
Small setbox 'Data at:' is for setting start cylinder of first charea. It is standardly 1, but in some cases may be bigger, up to 9. Can't be 0 (at start is Master CAT). After writing in value click on  'Data at:' to enter it. And may need to decrease some sizes after...
Old filesystem has some limitations: max size of charea is 32MB by CF and 16-bit IF, and 16MB by 8-bit simple IF.
Count of CAT slots is limited to 4064/2032. Still, there is lot of space: in 16MB can fit over 330 snapshot. Max size of drive/media what can be fully used is about 1.1 GB.
New filesystem with big sectors has max charea sizes of 64MB for all types of interfaces. Check 'Big Sectors' for such ROMs before Perform init. It has sense only for larger drives/medias - over 500MB. Fillable media size is then 2.2 GB (4.4 GB for 8-bit IF).

With click on button "Perform INIT", and confirmation, disk/image will be initalized and ready for usage. You may imediately check it by entering 'File transfer' .


Download executable (Mandriva 2007)   Download source tarball


    Dec-Feb. 2006-7.   P. Putnik


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